The Song of Songs (or Song of Solomon) is a romantic poem that presents the ultimate union between the bride and the bridegroom, focusing on themes of love, wisdom, beauty, power, desire, sex, loyalty, etc. But Solomon had been there first, too. King Solomon “excelled all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom” according to the Bible. In the Pseudepigrapha, The Testament of Solomon is a 3rd century CE book that syncretizes magic, astrology, and demonology to discuss the construction of the Temple among other sub-topics. Perhaps one of the more fantastical yet pivotal parts of the biblical story of Solomon is the divine gift that he received from God as recorded in the Hebrew scriptures. King Solomon’s Downfall and Death. Additionally, in the 1860s CE, Charles Warren discovered a wall and courtyard in Jerusalem that were later found to be identical to the one in Megiddo and dating from the period of King Solomon. David’s initial zeal for God and for ethical integrity paved the way for his early fame and fortune, although being a man of warfare and blood (according to the scriptures), God decided that David was not suitable to be the one to build God’s Temple (that would be placed in the hands of his son, Solomon). One night early in his reign, the LORD gave Solomon a dream. The story of King Solomon begins with his father, King David, and his mother, Bathsheba. David said, “Assuredly Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne in my place” (1 Kings 1). Solomon slowly deprioritized his relationship and obligations to God in order to appease his many foreign wives and in order to protect the prosperity and longevity of his rule. Web. Knox, John S. Birthday: August 13, 1930 In 2 Samuel 11, King David didn’t go off to war with his soldiers during a particular campaign against the Ammonites. License. Archaeological and historical evidence of other kings of Israel and Judah - such as Omri, Ahab, Joram, Ahaziah, Jehu, Hezekiah - have been uncovered in the historical landscape (and one could conceivably expect more to follow). In 1868 CE, Missionary Frederick Augustus Klein discovered an intact stele in Dhiban, Jordan, called the “Mesha Stele” or the “Moabite Stone,” with text that he could not read. How did King Solomon die? Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. King Solomon’s story begins with his father, David. The legendary king of Israel, King David's son and successor, which reign became known as Israel’s golden age.His date of birth is placed between 975 and 970 BC, and his death between 928 and 922 BC.. Building on David’s achievements, Solomon instituted a proficient centralized government, with a professional army and an advanced trade network. it 1000 B.c. 12, some have 931 as the date). Still, some provocative-yet-controversial archaeological finds have been recently unearthed over the last century that require consideration. The two great kingdoms of isreal became more and more old. The Book of Ecclesiastes is a royal testament that includes personal reflections, meditations, and instructions on the meaning and purposes of life, alluding to several aspects that would have been relevant to Solomon’s own personal experiences - wisdom, futility, riches, servants, hedonism, productivity, and humble self-realization. Although Solomon was the original sage for many of his proverbs, he also searched his kingdom and empire for other writings and ideas of erudite men and included them in his compilations. King Solomon is also credited for contributing several books and literary works to the Hebrew scriptures including the Book of Proverbs, the Song of Songs, and Ecclesiastes, as well as traditionally penning some extra-biblical works including musical songs, poetry, histories, and scientific works in botany and zoology (although no extant writings have been discovered, currently). One of the most famous emperors of the medieval Western Sudanic kingdom of Mali, Mansa Musa reigned from about 1312 to 1337. Related Content and built a magnificent temple in Jerusalem which housed the Ark of the Covenant.Solomon reportedly had hundreds of wives and concubines, including the daughter of the pharaoh of Egypt. This enraged Solomon most likely because of Adonijah’s surreptitious political triangulation of Bathsheba and because of Adonijah’s political machinations to be following in King David’s footsteps. He also had a famous meeting with the Queen of Sheba who, after observing his wealth and wisdom, showered him with gifts. Solomon soon found new challenges from within and without his kingdom, including Jeroboam who was promised to reign over Israel by the Prophet Ahijah, from Hadad of Edom who challenged Solomon’s territorial control in the southern territory of Israel, and from Rezon of Damascus, who threatened Solomon’s control over the northern territory of Israel. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. This led to an attempted coup by his son, Adonijah (whose mother was Haggith, David’s fifth wife), who proclaimed himself to be king with the assistance of General Joab and Abiathar the Priest; however, the majority of Israel's institutional agents did not support Adonijah’s claim. Thereafter, “King Solomon sent by the hand of Benaiah the son of Jehoiada’ and he struck [Adonijah] down, and he died” (1Kings 1). Princess Stephanie of Monaco frowns a bit, Princess Stephanie of Monaco holds up her gown. Map of the Levant circa 830 BCEby Richardprins (GNU FDL). 3. and built a magnificent temple in Jerusalem which housed the Ark of the Covenant. Also, from the dividing of the land of Israel back to the birth of Isaac was 450 years. In a seven-day celebration, Solomon sacrificed 22,000 oxen and 120,000 sheep to celebrate the Temple’s completion and God’s willingness to dwell among them, therein. Find Death information for people with the Date of Birth and/or Date of Death you specify. Being a builder, King Solomon also engaged in other construction projects such as his personal palace, the Palace of the Forest of Lebanon, the Hall of the Pillars, and the Hall of Justice. King David died from natural causes in 961 BCE, was buried in Jerusalem, and, as suggested in the Hebrew and Greek scriptures, facilitated the establishment of the eternal kingdom of God through his piety and lineage. Sulaymān ibn DāwÅ«d (Arabic: سُلَيْمَان بْن دَاوُوْد ‎, Solomon son of David) was, according to the Quran, a Malik (Arabic: مَلِك ‎, King) and NabÄ« of the Israelites. Yet, Solomon did not restrict his projects to Jerusalem alone. The Qur'an also indicates that Solomon received a divine gift of wisdom, along with other special gifts (21:78–79) - "And We made Sulaiman [Solomon] to understand (the case); and unto each of them We gave judgment and knowledge.". 31 Dec 2020. The threat of civil war and Adonijah’s immediate execution as a traitor was averted for a time; however, Adonijah attempted to possess King David’s former asexual concubine, Abishag the Shunammite, behind King Solomon’s back. King Solomon Explains His Views of Death, Final Judgment, and Afterlife. Searching for a possible birth date for David produces an ideal candidate, a holy day on 6 of the 7 known sacred calendars. © Copyright 1998-2021 by Who2, LLC. ". Date: 01/31/2014 Author: scatterwisdom 3 Comments Ancient beliefs, 3000 years ago, varied by cultures about final judgment, a heaven or hell, and afterlife. Even though he is one of the most notable figures that links Freemasonry to the Bible, King Solomon's death is still "a mystery". Share. Solomon King Birthday and Date of Death Solomon King was born on August 13, 1930 and died on January 20, 2005. Saul Solomon (25 May 1817 – 16 October 1892) was an influential liberal politician of the Cape Colony. After David's fall, repentance, and forgiveness, and the death of his unnamed infant (see, however, 1 Chronicles 3:5); when Rabbah had fallen, peace was established, and prosperity abounded. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Last modified January 25, 2017. By no means conclusive, the aforementioned discoveries do give some credence to the theory that a United Kingdom of Israel once existed in the Mediterranean region although Israel’s regional influence, military prowess, infrastructural contributions, and early pivotal leaders are still somewhat veiled. Born around 1010 BCE, Solomon was the tenth son of King David (the second king of ancient united Israel) and the second son of Bathsheba. The son of King David and Bathsheba, Solomon (in Hebrew, Shlomo) ruled Israel from about 960 to 922 B.C. Institutionally and nationally, it was the intersection of the Divine with his People through his mediator. Other faiths, such as Islam and Rastafarianism, also embrace the notion of Solomon as a sagacious king and powerful prophet of Israel. He was renowned for his wisdom, his prolific writings, and his building accomplishments. In my King James Bible, I Kings 11:40 "...Solomon therefore sought to kill Jeroboam: but he arose, and fled into Egypt to Sesac the king of Egypt, and was in Egypt till the death of Solomon..." My . 10). "Solomon." Later, 2 Samuel 5 states that (in 1002 BCE) all the elders of Israel approached him to be their ruler, and “The king made a covenant with them at Hebron … Under Solomon, Israel’s golden age produced most of the works that were eventually gathered together into the “The Writings” or “Kethubim” section of the Hebrew scriptures. John S. Knox, PhD in Theology & Religion (University of Birmingham, UK), is Associate Professor of Psychology & an online instructor of Apologetics & Seminary Studies at Liberty University. We know that King Solomon Grigger had been residing in Chandler, Maricopa County, New Jersey 85225. The Temple did not just house the Levitical priests of God. Solomon’s wisdom is usually recalled in a famous incident in which two women came before him with a baby, each claiming to be the mother. All rights reserved. Between 1957 CE and 1971 CE, archaeologist Yigael Yadin began excavations at two of the three cities mentioned in 1 Kings 9 (fully at Hazor and in a cursory investigation at Megiddo), which had gates supposedly built by King Solomon c. 960 BCE. Ancient History Encyclopedia. In 2016 CE, Israeli archaeologists discovered numerous small artifacts from the Temple Mount, which have been dated to the time of the First Temple, nearly 3,000 years ago. Moreover, David’s illicit affair and subsequent devious actions (leading to the assassination of Uriah the Hittite and its cover-up) complicated the rest of David’s reign - along with the rape of Tamar, the murder of Ammon, and the attempted coup of Absalom, among other controversies. King Solomon “excelled all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom” according to the Bible. In 2013 CE, Erez Ben-Yosef and his archaeological team discovered radiocarbon dating evidence forcing many archaeologists and historians to revise their presumptions about the copper mines in Israel’s Aravah Desert.  Previously assumed to be Egyptian, the new evidence suggests that the mines were actually operated by the Edomites, the ancient enemies of Israel repeatedly referenced in the Hebrew scriptures, who lived during the period of Solomon. King Solomon "excelled all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom" according to the Bible. As with King David, verifying the existence of King Solomon is challenging, at best, especially since epigraphs typically provide imprecise information, and the biblical accounts rest upon a presupposition of supernatural realities. Ultimately, “[Solomon’s] wives turned his heart after other gods, and his heart was not fully devoted to the Lord his God, as the heart of David his father had been” (1 Kings 11). Knox, J. S. (2017, January 25). From Kierkegaard and Nietzsche to Camus and Sartre, from Dostoevsky to Hemingway, the existential philosophers and writers explored as best they could the realms of absurdity and death, as Solomon had thousands of years before. king Solomon became king after the death of David, Solomon was abot 23 years old then. https://www.ancient.eu/solomon/. Your email address will not be published. We do allow cookies to help our advertising partners give you a better ad experience. King Solomon: The Hebrew Son of A Canaanite Woman. Solomon ordered the child be cut in half, and by observing each woman’s reaction determined the true mother. However, the discovery of pottery assemblages with biblical data relating to the monarchies of David and Solomon in the destruction layer of Jezreel, a royal citadel of the Omride Dynasty, which ruled over the northern Kingdom of Israel from … The case became the talk of all the people, and they knew that never had there lived a wiser king on earth. Shards from the archaeological dig include pottery fragments (a standard in general archaeological dating), olive pits, animal bones, and they all share a uniform date from the Solomonic period, according to the team’s findings. Find available details for all people with the Date of Birth and Name components you specify. The Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III, side A, 2nd registerby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin (CC BY-NC-SA). King Solomon was born in Israel to Bathsheba & King David. From the time of Joshua's death (1426 BC) to the monarchy established at the beginning of the reign of King Saul (1100 BC), Israel was ruled by 14 different judges and was also forced into servitude 6 times. King Solomon died of natural causes in 931 BCE at the age of 80. The story of King Solomon begins with his father, King David, and his mother, Bathsheba. By the end of David’s life, he had lost touch with Israelite society and eventually lost political control of it, as well. Now give me wisdom and knowledge.” According to the Hebrew scriptures, this impressed God, so Solomon received not only knowledge and wisdom, but also “riches and wealth and honor, such as none of the kings have had who were before you, nor shall any after you have the like” (2 Chronicles 1). 975 Solomon's death and Rehoboam succeeds Solomon to the throne (I Kgs. David’s turbulent personal life includes adultery with a soldier’s wife, Bathsheba, and the death of his own rebel son, Absalom. Solomon’s Birth. The building of the Temple is recorded in 1 Kings and 2 Chronicles, with the ground-breaking beginning in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign, and construction was completed seven years later with an ostentatious dedication. Solomon's Temple, Jerusalemby Unknown Artist (Public Domain). The inside of the Temple was decorated with elaborate carvings (gourds and open flowers), golden lampstands, an altar of incense (also called “the golden altar”), and two bronze pillars among other embellishments. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The dating of events in Hebrew Old Testament is often assumed to be incorrect by many secular scholars. 1015 Solomon, David's son, is appointed King (I Kgs. August 7, 2011 by Admin 13 Comments. In a less-advanced architectural age, at over 100 feet long by 40 feet wide by 60 feet high (30 x 12 x 18 m) with outer doors of ivory, the First Temple must have seemed an impossibility, a miraculous achievement, for most visiting Israelites. The wall was part of a larger complex that included a gatehouse, guard tower, and other buildings. The time was propitious. Required fields are marked * … Ancient History Encyclopedia, 25 Jan 2017. He died on April 25, 2008 at 63 years old. Solomon’s prosperity and success were also achieved through ingenious reforms and innovations such as the improvement of defense measures; the expansion of the royal court; the financial windfall from more sophisticated taxation, labor conscriptions of Canaanites and Israelites, tributes and gifts from foreign countries under the influence of Solomon; and a land and sea trading system that utilized a powerful navy and army to protect assets and trade routes. Solomon King was 74 years old at the time of death. Discover Full Names, Possible Aliases, Dates of Birth, Current and Previous Addresses, Telephone Numbers, Possible Relatives, Possible Business Affiliations, Area Median Income and Home Value, and more. King Solomon also dispatched the other ringleaders of the coup - General Joab and Abiathar the Priest, although Joab was executed and Abiathar was exiled. House the Levitical priests of God campaign against the Ammonites Obelisk of Shalmaneser III, side a, registerby... 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